We know that climate change is already impacting on Australia’s high country through longer and more intense fire seasons and increasingly erratic winter snow.
What is perhaps less obvious is the fact that emergency services are not adequately resourced to defend the mountains from worsening bushfire seasons.
This has been highlighted in the case of recent fires in Tasmania, where – even with interstate and international support – emergency services were not able to control fires in Tasmania’s world heritage areas over the summer of 2018/19. This had previously been the case in Tasmania in 2016, when precious areas of fire sensitive vegetation were destroyed. Additionally fires in the Victorian high country burnt some areas for the third time in 10 years, with the possibility of significant long term ecological impacts.
Now 23 of Australia’s most senior former emergency service bosses have come together in an unprecedented show of unity, calling on the Prime Minister to ‘get on with the job’ of reducing greenhouse gasses.
They also highlight the fact that Australia currently lacks the resources we need to fight wild fire effectively.
SBS reports that:
Longer bushfire seasons, ‘dry’ lightning storms, increased flooding and higher rates of anxiety: this is Australia’s future without immediate action on climate change, some of Australia’s most senior former emergency service chiefs have warned.
In an unprecedented joint statement directed to the state and federal governments, 23 former emergency service bosses have come together on Wednesday to call for stronger action on climate change, which they believe is threatening lives in Australia.
The 23 signatories, representing every state and territory, have called on Prime Minister Scott Morrison to commit to a parliamentary inquiry into whether the emergency services are fit to defend Australia against the increasing risk of natural disasters.
“In the last year we’ve seen unseasonal fires in Tasmania, Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland and Western Australia, floods and twin cyclones in parts of northern Australia, longer bushfire danger periods, and fires burning in rainforests,” Mr Mullins said.
“Emergency responders are doing their best to protect Australians from worsening extreme weather, but the federal government just hasn’t stepped up to do its part by rapidly and deeply reducing our emissions.”
The demands include that the Prime Minister meets with a delegation of former emergency service leaders, “who will outline, unconstrained by their former employers, how climate change risks are rapidly escalating”, a cease on cutting budgets of services involved in preventing natural disasters and continuing research into mitigating against climate change.
The former executive director of Emergency Management Queensland and former Queensland Fire & Rescue Service deputy commissioner Frank Pagano told SBS News he signed the joint statement because weather patterns can no longer be predicted.
“As former senior emergency service leaders, we are in a position now to talk more unrestrained about what we believe is happening with the weather,” he said.
This year, Australia suffered through its warmest January on record, with fires devastating Tasmania, Victoria and parts of NSW, while in the north of the country, unprecedented flooding swept through Queensland.
And according to the State of the Climate 2018 report, there has been a long-term increase in extreme fire conditions and the length of bushfire seasons in Australia since the 1950s.
“Our aim is to speak as one. We speak with some authority in the sense of our experience between us. The signatories to the document have well over 600 years of experience,” Mr Pagano said.
“We’ve seen things and experienced things over our lifetime and over our career that I think can be very informative to a government.”
Australia’s lack of resources
One issue highlighted by the statement was Australia’s reliance on leasing firefighting equipment, such as aircraft, from the northern hemisphere during their cooler months. As Australia’s fire season grows to overlap with the US and Canada, access to the equipment becomes restricted.
Australian states and territories are also dependent on sharing resources, including water bombers, trucks and firefighters, which has up until now been possible due to a staggered start to fire seasons across the country.
“As emergency services leaders we would obviously talk and we would get together and we would plan our attack on the fire season and we’d share resources,” Mr Pagano said.
“But these days that’s very difficult because we’re having events occurring in each state simultaneously … you’re no longer able to plan for that.”
According to Mr Pagano and the other signatories to the statement, heavy firefighting aircraft is prohibitively expensive to own and operate – but he said it’s time for the federal government to explore whether Australia needs to purchase their own equipment.
“Now countries and hemispheres are competing for resources,” Mr Pagano said.
“It would be very very bad if we have extreme weather events in Australia and we can’t get those resources.”
The psychological cost of not acting
Bushfire survivor Janet Reynolds told SBS News earlier this year that she had suffered post-traumatic stress disorder after fleeing her home in last years NSW bushfires.
“The skin on the backs of my hands felt as though it was burning all the time,” she said.
“You think of all the people that are going to be threatened if something isn’t worked out now.”
Psychologist Dr Susie Burke specialises in the psychological effects of climate change, including treating disorders like depression and post-traumatic stress following extreme weather disasters.
But it’s not just bushfire survivors that are left feeling anxious about the increasing risks of natural disaster.
“We also look at the indirect effects of climate change … this might be from some of the more slowly unfolding climate impacts. So that might be a prolonged drought or a shifting growing season,” she said.
“That has flow-on effects to it in terms of financial stress and family stress and the economic stresses for farming families and individuals and communities.”
And the number of people suffering from climate change anxiety and distress is growing, Dr Burke said.
“There’s a number of reasons for why that might be. One is that with every year of insufficient action around the world we increase the price of runaway climate change and catastrophic consequences,” she said.
“The other thing is that we’re also just at the end of a hot dry summer where I work and it’s often the case that at this time of year people are looking around at the environment and thinking ‘oh this is what climate change is going to mean.’
“That’s truly frightening and we’re not doing enough about it globally and certainly not enough nationally.”